North American Neuromodulation Society

Glossary

Glossary of Neurostimulation Terminology: A Collaborative Neuromodulation Foundation, Institute of Neuromodulation, and International Neuromodulation Society Project

Consistent terminology is necessary to facilitate communication, but only limited efforts have addressed this need in the neurostimulation community. We set out to provide a useful and updated glossary for our colleagues and prospective patients.  

 This collaborative effort of the Neuromodulation Foundation (NF), the Institute of Neuromodulation (IoN), and the International Neuromodulation Society (INS) expands a glossary first published in 2007 for spinal cord stimulation. Peripheral nerve, dorsal root ganglion, deep brain, and motor cortex stimulation have been added to our scope. Volunteers from the collaborating entities used a nominal group process, consensus development panels, and the Delphi technique to reach consensus on inclusion and definition of terms. We created a glossary suitable for print and for expansion on the websites of the collaborating entities, which will offer the possibility of explaining definitions for a general audience. We excluded proprietary and brand names but included terms that have attracted proprietary interest without becoming brands or trademarks. We made an effort to be inclusive while also being concise and economical with space.   

We identified and defined 91 terms for this print edition and created an accompanying list of acronyms. As appropriate, we provided figures to illustrate the definitions.

Although we refer to the glossary presented herein as the "print" edition, it can of course be viewed and searched electronically. NF, IoN, and INS will continue to collaborate on expanded Web editions, which can include hyperlinks for internal and external navigation. We believe this glossary will benefit our growing field by facilitating communication and mitigating inappropriate use of neurostimulation terms.

Richard B. North, MD
Scott F. Lempka, PhD
Yun Guan, MD, PhD
Ellen L. Air, MD, PhD
Lawrence R. Poree, MD, PhD
Jane Shipley, BA
Jeffrey Arle, MD, PhD, FAANS
Philippe Rigoard, MD, PhD
Simon Thomson, MBBS FRCA FIPP FFPMRCA  

Glossary of Neurostimulation Terminology: A Collaborative Neuromodulation Foundation, Institute of Neuromodulation, and International Neuromodulation Society Project. Accepted for publication in Neuromodulation.  

Updates

The Glossary of Neurostimulation Terminology: A Collaborative Neuromodulation Foundation, Institute of Neuromodulation, and International Neuromodulation Society Project is ongoing, updates to come!

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